Is your house, apartment, or business located in a flood zone? Do you experience high rainfall or snowfall amounts throughout the year? Is your crawl space or basement located below the area’s water table? If so, your home is at risk of water damage.
In addition to rainfall amounts and flood zones, a burst or leaking pipe, as well as a faulty water heater, can cause crawl space or basement flooding. Many homeowners and business owners do not realize that a few inches of water can cause substantial and costly damage to a building.
So, how do you safeguard your property from water damage and avoid costly repairs? The answer is to have a sump pump installed. Sump pumps guard against water damage or flooding.
What Are Sump Pumps?
Typically, sump pumps are placed in the lowest area of a crawl space or basement. This low area is referred to as a sump basin. Located inside the sump basin, is the sump pump.
Sump pumps activate whenever the water level reaches a certain height in the basin. The pump switch is activated automatically and draws water from the sump basin and transports the moisture outside of your home, apartment or building via a series of piping connected to a dry well or a municipal storm drain.
How Does a Sump Pump Work?
There are two varieties of sump pumps – pedestal sump pumps and submersible sump pumps. A pedestal pump is placed in the sump basin; however, the motor is located on top of your pump, keeping it away from the moisture. Conversely, submersible pumps have a waterproof encasement that allows the entire pump to be placed inside the sump basin.
There are two types of switches to activate the pump – a pressure activated switch, or a float activated switch. A float activated pump uses a floating device. When the float rises, the pump activates and removes water from the sump basin. A pressure-activated switch uses a sensor that activates the sump pump whenever the water rises above the sensor.
Regardless of the type used, a check valve or a back-flow valve must be installed on the discharge pipe. This valve prevents water from returning to the sump pump or sump basin once the pumping cycle concludes.
Common Sump Pump Issues
Sump pumps can fail; therefore, it is vital to inspect your sump pump periodically. The suction screen can become clogged, the float or pressure switch can become damaged, or the discharge pipe can become clogged. Typically, sump pumps will last around seven years before it needs to be replaced.
To ensure your sump pump will work when you need it to, you should inspect the sump basin and look for any debris that could damage your sump pump. Once you verify the basin is clear, you should perform the following test. Pour water into the pump basin and ensure the sump pump activates. Remain in the area until the sump pump completes its cycle, looking for leaks in the piping. Perform this inspection biannually or whenever flooding occurs to ensure your pump is in good working order.
Why You Should Hire a Sump Pump Installer?
A sump pump requires plumbing in a discharge pipe. This pipe will run from the sump pump, up and through the wall of your foundation, into an exterior drain, and then across your lawn to a dry well or your municipal storm drain. The piping must have the proper pitch to drain effectively. Furthermore, a check valve must be installed in the piping to prevent the pumped water from returning to the sump pump at the end of a pumping cycle.
Sump pumps are electrical, which means sump pump installers must wire the sump pump into your existing electrical system. Because water and electricity do not mix, the electrical wiring should be enclosed in a waterproof conduit, and a GFCI breaker must be installed. This Ground-Fault Circuit Interrupter automatically shuts off electrical power when a ground fault occurs.
Most homeowners or business owners do not have the skills needed to install sump pumps. Therefore, a local sump pump installer should be contacted. A sump pump installer will ensure the sump pump is installed up to code.
To protect your house, apartment, or commercial property from the damaging effects of water, you should have sump pumps professionally installed. This pump will remove moisture from the lowest level of the building and minimize the risk of water damage.